Historical demography in Slovakia in the late 20th and early 21st century
The first demographic studies in Slovakia emerged before the Second World War and dealt mainly with the ethnic diversity of the population living in the Slovak-Hungarian border region. A revival in Slovak historical demography research came in the late 20th century. There emerged studies devoted to population growth in the pre-statistical age. Scholars studied the development of settlement as well as its impact on the natural environment. Most recent studies also deal with more recent history of Slovakia, especially in the 19th century and the first half of the 20th century — they examine demographic processes and population structure, and are based on censuses from 1919, 1938 and 1940.
In Slovakia demographic research is a supplement to historical research more than anything else. There are no studies using the aggregation method and the family reconstruction method. However, research conducted over the last few years by a new generation of historians, demographers, sociologists and ethnographers provides a basis for setting a new direction in historical-demographic research in Slovakia.